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Even the most experienced programmers make mistakes, but they knowing how to find and correct them. In any case knowing more about types of mistake you can make is an important part of your programming skills.
Programming errors can be classified into three broad and overlapping categories: compilation errors, run-time errors, and logic errors.
there is additional category which can be called "language induced programming errors" or language facilitated programming errors." This category is language dependent but it is clear that some languages facilitate committing some types of bugs, which other programming language don't.
For example if the language does not use semicolon as the a sign of the end of statements, or use it as a weak delimiter (if it is absent but a newline is present it is end of the statement) large class of complier errors in such languages as C and Perl can be eliminated.
Compilation errors, also known as compiler errors, are errors that prevent your program from running. When you press F5 to run a program, Visual Basic compiles your code into a binary language that the computer understands. If the Visual Basic compiler comes across code that it does not understand, it issues a compiler error.
Most compiler errors are caused by mistakes that you make when typing code. For example, you might misspell a keyword, leave out some necessary punctuation, or try to use an End If statement without first using an If statement.
Fortunately advanced editors can help to avoid such error as typos in variables names (which if language allow indirect declaration of variables might turn into run time error, or logic error) , or missing quote in literal or missing semicolon at the end of statement (if each statement in the language should end with semicolon).
Best programmer editors and GUI are designed to identify these mistakes before you try to run the program. see also Finding and Getting Rid of Compiler Errors.
Run-time errors are errors that occur while your program runs. These typically occur when your program attempts an operation that is impossible to carry out.
An example of this is division by zero. Suppose you had the following statement:
Speed = Miles / Hours
If the variable Hours has a value of 0, the division operation fails and causes a run-time error. The program must run in order for this error to be detected, and if Hours contains a valid value, it will not occur at all.
When a run-time error does occur, you can use the debugging tools in Visual Basic to determine the cause. See also It Doesn't Work! Finding and Eliminating Run-Time Errors.
Logic errors are errors that prevent your program from doing what you intended it to do. Your code may compile and run without error, but the result of an operation may produce a result that you did not expect.
For example, you might have a variable named FirstName that is initially set to a blank string. Later in your program, you might concatenate FirstName with another variable named LastName to display a full name. If you forgot to assign a value to FirstName, only the last name would be displayed, not the full name as you intended.
Logic errors are the hardest to find and fix, but Visual Basic has debugging tools that make this job easier, also. See also What? It Wasn't Supposed To Do That! Finding Logic Errors.
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