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NCFTP is an enhanced version of FTP that automates many of the login steps necessary with FTP and adds its own special features. Right now it is an outdated and is surpassed in quality and features by LFTP. Its main value in the ability to recursively upload directories (see Recursive uploading of directories via FTP), the task in which lftp is weak (mirror command in lftp is about mirroring, not so much about sending files recursively to other server). Inthis case ncftpdput
When logging into a remote site, NcFTP automatically sends the username and password
strings for anonymous access for you. This lets you log in and arrive at the NCFTP
ncftp> ) with a minimum of typing. If you plan to log in as
yourself rather than using
FTP, you can start NCFTP with the
-u option to disable the automatic
Most NCFTP commands are identical to the standard FTP commands. The same commands are used for moving files, changing directories, listing directory contents, and so on.
One nice feature of NCFTP is that it displays the current directory path on the
remote site at each
In addition, NCFTP remembers the last directory you accessed on a site; the next time you log into that site, you will be placed back at that directory automatically.
Name completion for remote hostnames is another feature of NCFTP. For example,
if you've logged into the site
ftp.skywalker.jedi.com before, the next
time you need to access this site, you can just enter:
NCFTP will then search its database looking for a complete site name that contains
jedi. If it finds one, then it will go to that site and
log you in.
To get a list of NCFTP commands, at the
ncftp> prompt, enter a question
April 27, 2005 | nixCraft
by nixCraft on April 27, 2005 ∑ 8 comments∑ LAST UPDATED October 28, 2012
When you host your web site remotely and and the ftp server is the only way to upload all files including subdirectroies. You need to use special file transfer program such as ncftpget or ncftpput for recursive remote ftp server uploading and downloading purpose. Ncftp is considered as an improved FTP client. Ncftp's improvements include support for command line editing, command histories, recursive gets/puts, automatic anonymous logins, and much more.
... ... ...
The syntax is as follows:ncftpput ftp-host-name /path/to/remote/dir /path/to/local/dir ncftpput -options ftp-host-name /path/to/remote/dir /path/to/local/dir
Try the ncftpput client command as follows:ncftpput -R -v -u "username" ftp.nixcraft.biz /nixcraft/forum /tmp/phpbb
- -u "username" : Ftp server username
- -v : Verbose i.e. show upload progress
- -R : Recursive mode; copy whole directory trees.
- ftp.nixcraft.biz : Remote ftp server (use FQDN or IP).
- /nixcraft/forum : Remote ftp server directory where all files and subdirectories will be uploaded.
- /tmp/phpbb : Local directory (or list of files) to upload remote ftp server directory /nixcraft/forum
You can pass the password with -p option:ncftpput -R -v -u "username" -p "passwordHere" ftp.nixcraft.biz /nixcraft/forum /tmp/phpbb
You can use port number 2021 instead of the default FTP service port # 21 as follows:ncftpput -R -v -u "username" -p "passwordHere" -P 2021 ftp.nixcraft.biz /nixcraft/forum /tmp/phpbb
- See ftptreeupload.bash script to copy all files and subdirectories recursively and upload them to remote FTP server (copy local all directories/tree to remote ftp server).
- ncftpput client can be downloaded from http://www.ncftp.com/ncftp/ and works with FreeBSD, Solaris and all most all UNIX like variant.
I recently had to upload some content to a Web site, and the only access available was via FTP. I needed an FTP client capable of uploading a directory structure recursively. I found what I needed in an application called NcFTP.
I started by looking into Mozilla Firefox, but to my surprise, Firefox supports only FTP downloads, not uploads. Mozilla, on the other hand, does support uploads, but it can upload only one file at a time.
Next, I turned to command-line FTP clients. Again, the standard FTP command doesn't support recursive directory upload. Fortunately, many graphical and command-line FTP clients do, including NcFTP, yafc, and LFTP. I picked NcFTP.
After installing the software, connect to your host anonymously by entering the
ncftpcommand followed by the hostname:
or if you need to log in with a valid username, use the
ncftp -u username -p password ftp.somedomain.com
A successful connection puts you in an NcFTP shell. If you've used the standard FTP command before, you should feel right at home here. I'll presume you're familiar with basic FTP commands such as
cd. You can use the
lcdcommands to list and navigate the local working directory.
NcFTP supports autocompletion for both commands and filenames. For instance, you can type in the first few characters of a filename and then press Tab to fill in the rest of the name automatically.
Recall that my main goal was to upload a directory structure. Use the
put -Rcommand to do a recursive directory upload:
ncftp /path > put -R somedir
Standard FTP also supports a
putcommand, but it's limited to uploading single files.
Similarly, you can download a directory recursively using the NcFTP
ncftp /path > get -R somedir
More handy features
If you FTP to the same sites regularly, you can save time by using NcFTP's bookmark feature. Bookmarks store the connection information, including the username, the password, the hostname, and the target directory location.
To create a bookmark on a particular directory location, first navigate to that directory and then enter the bookmark command followed by a name to identify the bookmark. For example, type these commands to bookmark /path/somedir and name it topsecret:ncftp /path > cd somedir ncftp /path/somedir > bookmark topsecret
A bookmark editor lets you open, edit, delete, replicate, and add bookmarks. Invoke the editor by entering the
bookmarkscommand with no parameters:
ncftp /path > bookmarks
Once you create a bookmark, you can connect to the corresponding host and directory quickly by using the bookmark name. Login is automatic because the bookmark stores the username and password.
For instance, you can connect using a bookmark named topsecret by entering this command in the Linux shell:
Alternatively, you can open a connection while inside the NcFTP shell:
ncftp> open topsecret
Wrapping it up
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) was once a commonly used method for transferring files over the Internet, but recent security concerns have lessened its use in favor of the more secure SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) or Secure Copy (SCP). Nevertheless, FTP may be the only access available to you on occasion.
NcFTP is loaded with useful features. I've touched on only the basics. If you ever require an FTP client more powerful than the standard FTP command, consider NcFTP.
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