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Scripting FTP sessions


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Utility lftp  provides the ability to run commands from the file and as such is the best for scripting ftp sessions.

Netdrive and similar FTP filesystems allow using regular commands to send and retrieve files from remote server.  Windows 7 supports FTP filesystem nativly.

BTW regular, "classic" ftp client is also scriptable via I/O redirection. 

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[Mar 22, 2015] Linux - Unix ncftp Upload Directory Tree To Remote FTP Server Recursively

April 27, 2005 | nixCraft

by nixCraft on April 27, 2005 8 comments∑ LAST UPDATED October 28, 2012

When you host your web site remotely and and the ftp server is the only way to upload all files including subdirectroies. You need to use special file transfer program such as ncftpget or ncftpput for recursive remote ftp server uploading and downloading purpose. Ncftp is considered as an improved FTP client. Ncftp's improvements include support for command line editing, command histories, recursive gets/puts, automatic anonymous logins, and much more.

... ... ...

The syntax is as follows:

ncftpput ftp-host-name /path/to/remote/dir /path/to/local/dir
ncftpput -options ftp-host-name /path/to/remote/dir /path/to/local/dir

Try the ncftpput client command as follows:

ncftpput -R -v -u "username" /nixcraft/forum /tmp/phpbb


You can pass the password with -p option:

ncftpput -R -v -u "username" -p "passwordHere" /nixcraft/forum /tmp/phpbb

You can use port number 2021 instead of the default FTP service port # 21 as follows:

ncftpput -R -v -u "username" -p "passwordHere" -P 2021 /nixcraft/forum /tmp/phpbb
See also

My SysAd Blog -- UNIX FTP Using a Shell Script

Manually transferring a file or files via FTP is a common and convenient method for moving data from one computer to another, especially if it's a non-recurring event. But the reality is there are many times when an event is recurring and calls for immediate automation. This can be done by using a simple UNIX script file, which can then be executed via command line interface or added to the crontab. In the example below, I'm FTP'ing binary type files (pictures) from a local computer to a remote while logging the activity.

Note: Some organizational policies may not allow login/password information in a script file.

# vi
#! /bin/sh
date >> $FTPLOG
ftp -n $REMOTE <<_FTP>>$FTPLOG
quote USER $USER
cd /myraid/dailyjpgs
mput *.jpg

Run via CLI
# ./

Add it to the crontab
# crontab -e

Re: Unix scripts to interact with Windows NT
Author: SolBetaTester_1

Nov 12, 2004 11:47 AM (reply 5 of 7)

Some things to consider when running "Services for Unix" SFU:

-Downloading the package is around 250 Mb.
-SoftMikky does not allow download resume.
(this can be quite a problem if you download with a 56k modem or alike)
-Besides C, Korn shell & FTP server, SFU is also NSF client & server, PCNFS server, Telnet client & server, NIS server.
-Users have to be set up or synchronised.

Possible, but all a bit much preparation for a small java app to run on every NT machine.

Re: Unix scripts to interact with Windows NT

Author: jonnys3

Feb 15, 2005 8:25 AM (reply 6 of 7) Sounds like your working in a mixed O/S environment.

From my experience it is probably easier for you to set the job running from NT and have your NT box ftp to your Solaris box, get the JAVA file, run the JAVA file and have the NT box ftp the results back to the Solaris box. This is very easy to configure:

Create a simple text file called ftp.txt in c:\ on your NT box. Add the following lines:

lcd c:\where\you\want\the\JAVA\file\to\run\from
cd /dir/with/JAVA/file/in/it
get JAVAfile

Save this text file.

The first line is the UNIX account you will be logging into on the Solaris box;
The second line is the password for the UNIX account;
The third line switches to the local directory on your NT box where you want the JAVA file to sit;
The fourth line tells ftp to turn on hash marking; the fifth line tells ftp to transfer files in binary mode;
The sixth line changes to the directory in which your JAVA file is held;
The seventh line gets the JAVA file (replace JAVAfile with the name of the file)
The eight line closes the connection to the Solaris box;
The ninth line ends the ftp utility on NT.

Create a second txt file called ftp2.txt and add the following commands:

lcd c:\where\the\results\file\sits
cd /dir/where/results/file/needs/to/be/put
put resultfilename

The first line is the UNIX account you will be logging into on the Solaris box;

The second line is the password for the UNIX account;

The third line switches to the local directory on your NT box where the JAVA result file sits;

The fourth line tells ftp to turn on hash marking; the fifth line tells ftp to transfer files in binary mode;

The sixth line changes to the directory on the Solaris box in which you want your results file to sit;

The seventh line puts the results file on the Solaris box;

The eight line closes the connection to the Solaris box;

The ninth line ends the ftp utility on NT.

Now create a bat file to run the ftp-scripts and execute the JAVA file ie ftp.bat.

Add the following lines:

ftp -i -s:"c:\ftp.txt"
<next line needs to be the DOS command to run the java file on NT ie c:\Temp\DMS0104\jinit11819.exe -s -m>
ftp -i -s:"c:\ftp2.txt"

where is the ip address of the Solaris box

whenever you need to run the script at the command prompt run c:\ftp.bat, or you can schedule it to run using the "at" command.

If I haven'e explained this very clearly look in BigAdmin scripts or search the net as there are hundreds of examples of ftp scripts.



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