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Suse /etc/sysconfig/network/routes file



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Yast allows you to specify a default router in the format that you used to configure an interface. This is fine for a leaf node in a simple network. However, if the network has more than one router, or you actually want to set up a router, you'll need need to specify a routing table.  It can be done via Yast or by editing configuration files (which can be overwritten by Yast).

The routing table is set up in SUSE via the configuration files /etc/sysconfig/network/routes and /etc/sysconfig/network/ifroute-*.

All the static routes required by the various system tasks can be entered in the /etc/sysconfig/network/routes file: routes to a host, routes to a host via a gateway, and routes to a network.

For each interface that needs individual routing, define an additional configuration file: /etc/sysconfig/network/ifroute-*.

Replace * with the name of the interface.

The file routes contains a routing table, which will be set up by the script /sbin/init.d/route whenever a networking runlevel (by default runlevels two and three) is reached.

Routes are made permanent in Suse by adding routes in Yast

Yast -> Network Devices -> Network card -> Edit -> Routing 

(see Suse network configuration)

Editing /etc/sysconfig/network/routes directly

Or you can edit edit /etc/sysconfig/network/routes if you prefer the CLI.

The routing table is set up in SUSE LINUX via the configuration files /etc/sysconfig/network/routes and /etc/sysconfig/network/ifroute-*.

All the static routes required by the various system tasks can be entered in the /etc/sysconfig/network/routes file: routes to a host, routes to a host via a gateway, and routes to a network.

For each interface that needs individual routing, define an additional configuration file: /etc/sysconfig/network/ifroute-*. Replace * with the name of the interface.

The file routes contains a routing table, which will be set up by the script /sbin/init.d/route whenever a networking runlevel (by default runlevels two and three) is reached. For example: - - - -   -     -
default -               -

The structure of the /etc/sysconfig/network/routes file

  1. The first column specifies a destination. This can be either a network address, a host address, or the string default for the default gateway. Whether the given address is a host or a network is determined by the netmask given in the third column. The network mask for a host is always Everything else specifies a network route. Network route means a route to a network, whereas a host route is a route to a single host.
  2. The second column gives either the IP address of the router, which should be used to reach the destination given in the first column, or the special value, which means that all traffic headed to the destination will be given to1 the device specified in the last column. If a gateway address is given, the device specification is optional.
  3. The third column contains netmask.

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How to setup persistent Static Routes in openSUSE 11.0 SUSE & openSUSE

In openSUSE 11.0, the network setup is by default controller by "NetworkManager" and this is different from the traditional netcontrol. With NetworkManager, users control the Network Interfaces. To confirm this, in GNOME from Computer – Yast – Network Devices – Network Settings, check for option "User Controlled with Network Manager" under Network Setup Method. Or, check for the line 'NETWORKMANAGER="yes"' in /etc/sysconfig/network/config file.

This may not be a viable option to use on SUSE enterprise Desktop as in a enterprise environment you wouldn't want the user to modify or control network settings.

Network Manager setup in openSUSE

To setup persistent Statis Routes in openSUSE 11.0 when network settings are controlled by NetworkManager, then try the following:

1. Create a ifroute-<*> file for each interface

For every network interface on the system which needs individual persisten static routing table create a "ifroute-<*>" file in the /etc/sysconfig/network/ directory.

where <*> is the name of the interface

For instance, on my system the interface name is eth0 and hence I create a file called


This file should have the static route entries for the hosts or networks in any of the following format:

Example eth0

Example 24


In the above each of the field is seperated by a TAB. [TYPE][OPTIONS] are optional.

If you not in the above, Example 2 & 3 mean exactly the same. Only represented in different formats.

So, I created a file as follows on my system

SAIBABA:~ # cat /etc/sysconfig/network/ifroute-eth0 eth0 24 eth0 – eth0

2. NetworkManager POST_UP Script

With NetworkManager, the POST_UP scripts are fetched from /etc/sysconfig/network/if-up.d/ directory and is set to 'yes' (enabled) by default. In simple terms, any script that you want to run once the Network interface up and active, simply drop them into this directory or create a symbolic link to the script file in this directory.

In SUSE and openSUSE, there are the following scripts in /etc/sysconfig/network/scripts/ directory which assist in bring up/down Interface routes and to check the status


To bring up static routes. This reads the file /etc/sysconfig/network/ifroute-* file.


To clear the static routes loaded


To check the current status of the routes

SAIBABA:~ # /etc/sysconfig/network/scripts/ifstatus-route eth0
Configured routes for interface eth0: – eth0 eth0 24 eth0 – eth0
Active routes for interface eth0: via via proto kernel scope link src via scope link
default via proto static
3 of 4 configured routes for interface eth0 up

3. Create a Symbolic File for ifup-route

In the POST_UP directory for NetworkManager i.e, /etc/sysconfig/network/if-up.d/ create a Symbolic link as follows to the ifup-route script as follows:

SAIBABA:~ # ln -s /etc/sysconfig/network/scripts/ifup-route /etc/sysconfig/network/if-up.d/ifup-route

Thats it. You can either restart your system or simply restart your Network service for the change to take effect.

SAIBABA:~ # /etc/init.d/network restart
Shutting down the NetworkManager done
Shutting down network interfaces:
eth0 device: Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] 79c970 [PCnet32 LANCE] (rev 10) done
Shutting down service network . . . . . . . . . . . . . done.
Starting the NetworkManager done

Thats it! We are done.

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