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Using Apache 1.3 with Cygwin



Recommended Links Cygwin Packages X Window System Xming


 "Can't open display" Error

Replacing Exceed with Cygwin Hummingbird Connectivity 2006 Suite


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uwin SFU
(version 3.5)
  ssh VNC OFMs Humor Etc

Cygwin is supported in the official source distributions from Apache 1.3.20 and later.  Either compiled of pre-compiled version can be used.

Pre-compiled binaries for the Apache 1.3 are available from Cygwin installer.


Default http home is at /var/www/htdocs

Configuration files

Configuration files are in /etc/apache


This Apache 1.3 port for Cygwin is designed to run on Windows XP and Windows 2000. In all cases TCP/IP networking must be installed.

We suggest using Cygwin 1.3.9-2 and higher.

Running Apache for Cygwin

Apache on Cygwin can be started and stopped in the same manner as on Unix systems. You may also use the apachectl tool for starting and stopping Apache.

Running Apache for Cygwin as a Service

Apache on Cygwin can be invoked as a Windows XP or Windows 2000 service. Cygwin has its own cygrunsrv.exe facility to define, remove, start, and stop services as follows:

Please refer to the man page for cygrunsrv and the Cygwin mailing list for further details of how services are invoked.



Precompiled Apache for Cygwin is built with most of the available Apache modules:

# LoadModule foo_module libexec/
 205 LoadModule vhost_alias_module lib/apache/mod_vhost_alias.dll
 206 LoadModule env_module         lib/apache/mod_env.dll
 207 LoadModule config_log_module  lib/apache/mod_log_config.dll
 208 LoadModule agent_log_module   lib/apache/mod_log_agent.dll
 209 LoadModule referer_log_module lib/apache/mod_log_referer.dll
 210 LoadModule mime_magic_module  lib/apache/mod_mime_magic.dll
 211 LoadModule mime_module        lib/apache/mod_mime.dll
 212 LoadModule negotiation_module lib/apache/mod_negotiation.dll
 213 LoadModule status_module      lib/apache/mod_status.dll
 214 LoadModule info_module        lib/apache/mod_info.dll
 215 LoadModule includes_module    lib/apache/mod_include.dll
 216 LoadModule autoindex_module   lib/apache/mod_autoindex.dll
 217 LoadModule dir_module         lib/apache/mod_dir.dll
 218 LoadModule cgi_module         lib/apache/mod_cgi.dll
 219 LoadModule asis_module        lib/apache/mod_asis.dll
 220 LoadModule imap_module        lib/apache/mod_imap.dll
 221 LoadModule action_module      lib/apache/mod_actions.dll
 222 LoadModule speling_module     lib/apache/mod_speling.dll
 223 LoadModule userdir_module     lib/apache/mod_userdir.dll
 224 LoadModule alias_module       lib/apache/mod_alias.dll
 225 LoadModule rewrite_module     lib/apache/mod_rewrite.dll
 226 LoadModule access_module      lib/apache/mod_access.dll
 227 LoadModule auth_module        lib/apache/mod_auth.dll
 228 LoadModule anon_auth_module   lib/apache/mod_auth_anon.dll
 229 LoadModule digest_module      lib/apache/mod_digest.dll
 230 LoadModule proxy_module       lib/apache/libproxy.dll
 231 LoadModule cern_meta_module   lib/apache/mod_cern_meta.dll
 232 LoadModule expires_module     lib/apache/mod_expires.dll
 233 LoadModule headers_module     lib/apache/mod_headers.dll
 234 LoadModule usertrack_module   lib/apache/mod_usertrack.dll
 235 LoadModule example_module     lib/apache/mod_example.dll
 236 LoadModule log_forensic_module lib/apache/mod_log_forensic.dll
 237 LoadModule unique_id_module   lib/apache/mod_unique_id.dll
 238 LoadModule setenvif_module    lib/apache/mod_setenvif.dll

Many popular modules have been compiled and tested with Apache for Cygwin, including mod_dav, mod_ssl, mod_php, mod_perl, mod_gzip, and mod_jserv.

While there are developers who directly support the Windows native port of Apache, very few module developers do. That is why it is can be difficult to make a Unix-based Apache installation with third-party modules work the same way on the Windows side using the native port. Apache for Cygwin makes this much easier.



Apache for Cygwin is not as high-performance as Apache for Windows on the same hardware.

This is to be expected, because Cygwin emulates a Unix environment on a "foreign" operating system, while Apache for Windows uses Windows code in its own native environment. First benchmark results have shown that Apache for Cygwin is about 30% slower than native Apache for Windows counterpart.



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Last modified: March 12, 2019