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COUNTIF  INDIRECT function  FLOOR function  
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Function  Description 

DAVERAGE  Returns the average of selected database entries 
DCOUNT  Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database 
DCOUNTA  Counts nonblank cells in a database 
DGET  Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria 
DMAX  Returns the maximum value from selected database entries 
DMIN  Returns the minimum value from selected database entries 
DPRODUCT  Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database 
DSTDEV  Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries 
DSTDEVP  Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries 
DSUM  Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria 
DVAR  Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries 
DVARP  Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries 
Function  Description 

DATE  Returns the serial number of a particular date 
DATEVALUE  Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number 
DAY  Converts a serial number to a day of the month 
DAYS360  Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360day year 
EDATE  Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date 
EOMONTH  Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months 
HOUR  Converts a serial number to an hour 
MINUTE  Converts a serial number to a minute 
MONTH  Converts a serial number to a month 
NETWORKDAYS  Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates 
NOW  Returns the serial number of the current date and time 
SECOND  Converts a serial number to a second 
TIME  Returns the serial number of a particular time 
TIMEVALUE  Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number 
TODAY  Returns the serial number of today's date 
WEEKDAY  Converts a serial number to a day of the week 
WEEKNUM  Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year 
WORKDAY  Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays 
YEAR  Converts a serial number to a year 
YEARFRAC  Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date 
Function  Description 

BESSELI  Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) 
BESSELJ  Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) 
BESSELK  Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) 
BESSELY  Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) 
BIN2DEC  Converts a binary number to decimal 
BIN2HEX  Converts a binary number to hexadecimal 
BIN2OCT  Converts a binary number to octal 
COMPLEX  Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number 
CONVERT  Converts a number from one measurement system to another 
DEC2BIN  Converts a decimal number to binary 
DEC2HEX  Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal 
DEC2OCT  Converts a decimal number to octal 
DELTA  Tests whether two values are equal 
ERF  Returns the error function 
ERFC  Returns the complementary error function 
GESTEP  Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value 
HEX2BIN  Converts a hexadecimal number to binary 
HEX2DEC  Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal 
HEX2OCT  Converts a hexadecimal number to octal 
IMABS  Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number 
IMAGINARY  Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number 
IMARGUMENT  Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians 
IMCONJUGATE  Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number 
IMCOS  Returns the cosine of a complex number 
IMDIV  Returns the quotient of two complex numbers 
IMEXP  Returns the exponential of a complex number 
IMLN  Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number 
IMLOG10  Returns the base10 logarithm of a complex number 
IMLOG2  Returns the base2 logarithm of a complex number 
IMPOWER  Returns a complex number raised to an integer power 
IMPRODUCT  Returns the product of from 2 to 29 complex numbers 
IMREAL  Returns the real coefficient of a complex number 
IMSIN  Returns the sine of a complex number 
IMSQRT  Returns the square root of a complex number 
IMSUB  Returns the difference between two complex numbers 
IMSUM  Returns the sum of complex numbers 
OCT2BIN  Converts an octal number to binary 
OCT2DEC  Converts an octal number to decimal 
OCT2HEX  Converts an octal number to hexadecimal 
Function  Description 

ACCRINT  Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest 
ACCRINTM  Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity 
AMORDEGRC  Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient 
AMORLINC  Returns the depreciation for each accounting period 
COUPDAYBS  Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date 
COUPDAYS  Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date 
COUPDAYSNC  Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date 
COUPNCD  Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date 
COUPNUM  Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date 
COUPPCD  Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date 
CUMIPMT  Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods 
CUMPRINC  Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods 
DB  Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixeddeclining balance method 
DDB  Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the doubledeclining balance method or some other method that you specify 
DISC  Returns the discount rate for a security 
DOLLARDE  Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number 
DOLLARFR  Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction 
DURATION  Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments 
EFFECT  Returns the effective annual interest rate 
FV  Returns the future value of an investment 
FVSCHEDULE  Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates 
INTRATE  Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security 
IPMT  Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period 
IRR  Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows 
ISPMT  Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment 
MDURATION  Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 
MIRR  Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates 
NOMINAL  Returns the annual nominal interest rate 
NPER  Returns the number of periods for an investment 
NPV  Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate 
ODDFPRICE  Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period 
ODDFYIELD  Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period 
ODDLPRICE  Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period 
ODDLYIELD  Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period 
PMT  Returns the periodic payment for an annuity 
PPMT  Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period 
PRICE  Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest 
PRICEDISC  Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security 
PRICEMAT  Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity 
PV  Returns the present value of an investment 
RATE  Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity 
RECEIVED  Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security 
SLN  Returns the straightline depreciation of an asset for one period 
SYD  Returns the sumofyears' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period 
TBILLEQ  Returns the bondequivalent yield for a Treasury bill 
TBILLPRICE  Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill 
TBILLYIELD  Returns the yield for a Treasury bill 
VDB  Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method 
XIRR  Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic 
XNPV  Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic 
YIELD  Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest 
YIELDDISC  Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill 
YIELDMAT  Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity 
Function  Description 

CELL  Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell 
ERROR.TYPE  Returns a number corresponding to an error type 
INFO  Returns information about the current operating environment 
ISBLANK  Returns TRUE if the value is blank 
ISERR  Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A 
ISERROR  Returns TRUE if the value is any error value 
ISEVEN  Returns TRUE if the number is even 
ISLOGICAL  Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value 
ISNA  Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value 
ISNONTEXT  Returns TRUE if the value is not text 
ISNUMBER  Returns TRUE if the value is a number 
ISODD  Returns TRUE if the number is odd 
ISREF  Returns TRUE if the value is a reference 
ISTEXT  Returns TRUE if the value is text 
N  Returns a value converted to a number 
NA  Returns the error value #N/A 
TYPE  Returns a number indicating the data type of a value 
Function  Description 

AND  Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE 
FALSE  Returns the logical value FALSE 
IF  Specifies a logical test to perform 
NOT  Reverses the logic of its argument 
OR  Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE 
TRUE  Returns the logical value TRUE 
Function  Description 

ADDRESS  Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet 
AREAS  Returns the number of areas in a reference 
CHOOSE  Chooses a value from a list of values 
COLUMN  Returns the column number of a reference 
COLUMNS  Returns the number of columns in a reference 
GETPIVOTDATA  Returns data stored in a PivotTable 
HLOOKUP  Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell 
HYPERLINK  Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet 
INDEX  Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array 
INDIRECT  Returns a reference indicated by a text value 
LOOKUP  Looks up values in a vector or array 
MATCH  Looks up values in a reference or array 
OFFSET  Returns a reference offset from a given reference 
ROW  Returns the row number of a reference 
ROWS  Returns the number of rows in a reference 
RTD  Retrieves realtime data from a program that supports COM automation (Automation: A way to work with an application's objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).) 
TRANSPOSE  Returns the transpose of an array 
VLOOKUP  Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell 
Function  Description 

ABS  Returns the absolute value of a number 
ACOS  Returns the arccosine of a number 
ACOSH  Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number 
ASIN  Returns the arcsine of a number 
ASINH  Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number 
ATAN  Returns the arctangent of a number 
ATAN2  Returns the arctangent from x and ycoordinates 
ATANH  Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number 
CEILING  Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance 
COMBIN  Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects 
COS  Returns the cosine of a number 
COSH  Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number 
DEGREES  Converts radians to degrees 
EVEN  Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer 
EXP  Returns e raised to the power of a given number 
FACT  Returns the factorial of a number 
FACTDOUBLE  Returns the double factorial of a number 
FLOOR  Rounds a number down, toward zero 
GCD  Returns the greatest common divisor 
INT  Rounds a number down to the nearest integer 
LCM  Returns the least common multiple 
LN  Returns the natural logarithm of a number 
LOG  Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base 
LOG10  Returns the base10 logarithm of a number 
MDETERM  Returns the matrix determinant of an array 
MINVERSE  Returns the matrix inverse of an array 
MMULT  Returns the matrix product of two arrays 
MOD  Returns the remainder from division 
MROUND  Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple 
MULTINOMIAL  Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers 
ODD  Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer 
PI  Returns the value of pi 
POWER  Returns the result of a number raised to a power 
PRODUCT  Multiplies its arguments 
QUOTIENT  Returns the integer portion of a division 
RADIANS  Converts degrees to radians 
RAND  Returns a random number between 0 and 1 
RANDBETWEEN  Returns a random number between the numbers you specify 
ROMAN  Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text 
ROUND  Rounds a number to a specified number of digits 
ROUNDDOWN  Rounds a number down, toward zero 
ROUNDUP  Rounds a number up, away from zero 
SERIESSUM  Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula 
SIGN  Returns the sign of a number 
SIN  Returns the sine of the given angle 
SINH  Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number 
SQRT  Returns a positive square root 
SQRTPI  Returns the square root of (number * pi) 
SUBTOTAL  Returns a subtotal in a list or database 
SUM  Adds its arguments 
SUMIF  Adds the cells specified by a given criteria 
SUMPRODUCT  Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components 
SUMSQ  Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments 
SUMX2MY2  Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays 
SUMX2PY2  Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays 
SUMXMY2  Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays 
TAN  Returns the tangent of a number 
TANH  Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number 
TRUNC  Truncates a number to an integer 
Function  Description 

AVEDEV  Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean 
AVERAGE  Returns the average of its arguments 
AVERAGEA  Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values 
BETADIST  Returns the beta cumulative distribution function 
BETAINV  Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution 
BINOMDIST  Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability 
CHIDIST  Returns the onetailed probability of the chisquared distribution 
CHIINV  Returns the inverse of the onetailed probability of the chisquared distribution 
CHITEST  Returns the test for independence 
CONFIDENCE  Returns the confidence interval for a population mean 
CORREL  Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets 
COUNT  Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments 
COUNTA  Counts how many values are in the list of arguments 
COUNTBLANK  Counts the number of blank cells within a range 
COUNTIF  Counts the number of nonblank cells within a range that meet the given criteria 
COVAR  Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations 
CRITBINOM  Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value 
DEVSQ  Returns the sum of squares of deviations 
EXPONDIST  Returns the exponential distribution 
FDIST  Returns the F probability distribution 
FINV  Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution 
FISHER  Returns the Fisher transformation 
FISHERINV  Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation 
FORECAST  Returns a value along a linear trend 
FREQUENCY  Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array 
FTEST  Returns the result of an Ftest 
GAMMADIST  Returns the gamma distribution 
GAMMAINV  Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution 
GAMMALN  Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) 
GEOMEAN  Returns the geometric mean 
GROWTH  Returns values along an exponential trend 
HARMEAN  Returns the harmonic mean 
HYPGEOMDIST  Returns the hypergeometric distribution 
INTERCEPT  Returns the intercept of the linear regression line 
KURT  Returns the kurtosis of a data set 
LARGE  Returns the kth largest value in a data set 
LINEST  Returns the parameters of a linear trend 
LOGEST  Returns the parameters of an exponential trend 
LOGINV  Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution 
LOGNORMDIST  Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution 
MAX  Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments 
MAXA  Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values 
MEDIAN  Returns the median of the given numbers 
MIN  Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments 
MINA  Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values 
MODE  Returns the most common value in a data set 
NEGBINOMDIST  Returns the negative binomial distribution 
NORMDIST  Returns the normal cumulative distribution 
NORMINV  Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution 
NORMSDIST  Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution 
NORMSINV  Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution 
PEARSON  Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient 
PERCENTILE  Returns the kth percentile of values in a range 
PERCENTRANK  Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set 
PERMUT  Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects 
POISSON  Returns the Poisson distribution 
PROB  Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits 
QUARTILE  Returns the quartile of a data set 
RANK  Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers 
RSQ  Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient 
SKEW  Returns the skewness of a distribution 
SLOPE  Returns the slope of the linear regression line 
SMALL  Returns the kth smallest value in a data set 
STANDARDIZE  Returns a normalized value 
STDEV  Estimates standard deviation based on a sample 
STDEVA  Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values 
STDEVP  Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population 
STDEVPA  Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values 
STEYX  Returns the standard error of the predicted yvalue for each x in the regression 
TDIST  Returns the Student's tdistribution 
TINV  Returns the inverse of the Student's tdistribution 
TREND  Returns values along a linear trend 
TRIMMEAN  Returns the mean of the interior of a data set 
TTEST  Returns the probability associated with a Student's ttest 
VAR  Estimates variance based on a sample 
VARA  Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values 
VARP  Calculates variance based on the entire population 
VARPA  Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values 
WEIBULL  Returns the Weibull distribution 
ZTEST  Returns the onetailed probabilityvalue of a ztest 
Function  Description 

ASC  Changes fullwidth (doublebyte) English letters or katakana within a character string to halfwidth (singlebyte) characters 
BAHTTEXT  Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format 
CHAR  Returns the character specified by the code number 
CLEAN  Removes all nonprintable characters from text 
CODE  Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string 
CONCATENATE  Joins several text items into one text item 
DOLLAR  Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format 
EXACT  Checks to see if two text values are identical 
FIND, FINDB  Finds one text value within another (casesensitive) 
FIXED  Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals 
JIS  Changes halfwidth (singlebyte) English letters or katakana within a character string to fullwidth (doublebyte) characters 
LEFT, LEFTB  Returns the leftmost characters from a text value 
LEN, LENB  Returns the number of characters in a text string 
LOWER  Converts text to lowercase 
MID, MIDB  Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify 
PHONETIC  Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string 
PROPER  Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value 
REPLACE, REPLACEB  Replaces characters within text 
REPT  Repeats text a given number of times 
RIGHT, RIGHTB  Returns the rightmost characters from a text value 
SEARCH, SEARCHB  Finds one text value within another (not casesensitive) 
SUBSTITUTE  Substitutes new text for old text in a text string 
T  Converts its arguments to text 
TEXT  Formats a number and converts it to text 
TRIM  Removes spaces from text 
UPPER  Converts text to uppercase 
VALUE  Converts a text argument to a number 
Function  Description 

EUROCONVERT  Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation) 
SQL.REQUEST  Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming 
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Society
Groupthink : Two Party System as Polyarchy : Corruption of Regulators : Bureaucracies : Understanding Micromanagers and Control Freaks : Toxic Managers : Harvard Mafia : Diplomatic Communication : Surviving a Bad Performance Review : Insufficient Retirement Funds as Immanent Problem of Neoliberal Regime : PseudoScience : Who Rules America : Neoliberalism : The Iron Law of Oligarchy : Libertarian Philosophy
Quotes
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Bulletin:
Vol 25, No.12 (December, 2013) Rational Fools vs. Efficient Crooks The efficient markets hypothesis : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2013 : Unemployment Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 23, No.10 (October, 2011) An observation about corporate security departments : Slightly Skeptical Euromaydan Chronicles, June 2014 : Greenspan legacy bulletin, 2008 : Vol 25, No.10 (October, 2013) Cryptolocker Trojan (Win32/Crilock.A) : Vol 25, No.08 (August, 2013) Cloud providers as intelligence collection hubs : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : Inequality Bulletin, 2009 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Copyleft Problems Bulletin, 2004 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Energy Bulletin, 2010 : Malware Protection Bulletin, 2010 : Vol 26, No.1 (January, 2013) ObjectOriented Cult : Political Skeptic Bulletin, 2011 : Vol 23, No.11 (November, 2011) Softpanorama classification of sysadmin horror stories : Vol 25, No.05 (May, 2013) Corporate bullshit as a communication method : Vol 25, No.06 (June, 2013) A Note on the Relationship of Brooks Law and Conway Law
History:
Fifty glorious years (19502000): the triumph of the US computer engineering : Donald Knuth : TAoCP and its Influence of Computer Science : Richard Stallman : Linus Torvalds : Larry Wall : John K. Ousterhout : CTSS : Multix OS Unix History : Unix shell history : VI editor : History of pipes concept : Solaris : MS DOS : Programming Languages History : PL/1 : Simula 67 : C : History of GCC development : Scripting Languages : Perl history : OS History : Mail : DNS : SSH : CPU Instruction Sets : SPARC systems 19872006 : Norton Commander : Norton Utilities : Norton Ghost : Frontpage history : Malware Defense History : GNU Screen : OSS early history
Classic books:
The Peter Principle : Parkinson Law : 1984 : The Mythical ManMonth : How to Solve It by George Polya : The Art of Computer Programming : The Elements of Programming Style : The Unix Hater’s Handbook : The Jargon file : The True Believer : Programming Pearls : The Good Soldier Svejk : The Power Elite
Most popular humor pages:
Manifest of the Softpanorama IT Slacker Society : Ten Commandments of the IT Slackers Society : Computer Humor Collection : BSD Logo Story : The Cuckoo's Egg : IT Slang : C++ Humor : ARE YOU A BBS ADDICT? : The Perl Purity Test : Object oriented programmers of all nations : Financial Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2008 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2010 : The Most Comprehensive Collection of Editorrelated Humor : Programming Language Humor : Goldman Sachs related humor : Greenspan humor : C Humor : Scripting Humor : Real Programmers Humor : Web Humor : GPLrelated Humor : OFM Humor : Politically Incorrect Humor : IDS Humor : "Linux Sucks" Humor : Russian Musical Humor : Best Russian Programmer Humor : Microsoft plans to buy Catholic Church : Richard Stallman Related Humor : Admin Humor : Perlrelated Humor : Linus Torvalds Related humor : PseudoScience Related Humor : Networking Humor : Shell Humor : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2011 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2012 : Financial Humor Bulletin, 2013 : Java Humor : Software Engineering Humor : Sun Solaris Related Humor : Education Humor : IBM Humor : Assemblerrelated Humor : VIM Humor : Computer Viruses Humor : Bright tomorrow is rescheduled to a day after tomorrow : Classic Computer Humor
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Last modified: March 12, 2019