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HP-UX Logical Volume manager

lvdisplay - display information about LVM logical volumes

/usr/sbin/lvdisplay [-F] [-k] [-v] lv_path ...

If the logical volume input arguments belong to a combination of volume
groups version 1.0 and 2.0, the arguments may not be processed in the
order they are listed on the command line.

Mirrored disk information requires the installation of the optional HP
MirrorDisk/UX software, which is not included in the standard HP-UX
operating system.

The lvdisplay command displays the characteristics and status of each
logical volume specified by lv_path.

Options and Arguments
lvdisplay recognizes the following options and arguments:

lv_path The block device path name of a logical volume, for
example, /dev/vg00/lvol1.

-F Produce a compact listing of fields described in
Compact Listing (-F Option). The output is a list of
colon separated fields formatted as

-v For each logical volume, display the physical volume
distribution, and the mapping of the logical extents
onto the physical extents of the physical volumes.

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Tips and Tricks site for advanced HP-UX Engineers

Quick and Dirty Example here.

In our last example, we created a volume group vg03. It had thee disk, we expanded it to 4 because we planned proper capacity.

Our volume group now consists of 4 disks.

We are asked to create an approximately 10 GB files system in this SAN based volume group.

vgdisplay /dev/vg03

vgdisplay -v /dev/vg03

< Insert vgdisplay example here>

HP vgdisplay documentation link (Note this tends to change. I can't help it if HP breaks the links)

This will show an empty volume group as we have not created any logical volumes

pvdisplay /dev/dsk/c10d0t1

… repeat for other disks …

<Insert pvdisplay examples here>

HP pvdisplay document link

Make sure nothing is on them.

Turns out 10 GB will fit quite nicely on a single disk. Since this is a SAN based disk, we need not worry here about raid configuration. If you are hosting an oracle rdbms, you should make sure the SAN admin sets up data, index and rollback as raid 1 or raid 10 to insure good performance.

lvcreate /dev/vg03

# Creates an empty logical volume on vg03. Uses default naming.

You can also do it this way if you like names.

lvcreate /dev/vg03 -n mydata

lvextend -L 10240 /dev/vg03/mydata /dev/dsk/c10t0d1

# This command creates an approximately 1024 MB logical volume and defines the disk it goes on. Always define the disk. Don't let LVM or SAM decide where your data is going to go. Plan in advance. Note that LVM for Linux which is a feature port and not a binary recompile does let you define size 10 GB or 10240 MB. Still waiting for that feature on LVM for HP-UX.

newfs -F vxfs -o largefiles /dev/vg03/rmydata

# Why largefiles? Databases are big and the default limit on a file size in a file system is 2 GB. That is too small. I almost always set up my file systems these days for largefiles unless the file system itself is less than 2 GB

# Create a mount point.

mkdir /mydata

# mount it.

mount /dev/vg03/mydata /mydata

# This does not set an optimal JFS logging and recovery options, but that is a different article


# See if its there and the right capacity.

Next article: Edit /etc/fstab and set permanent mount options.

NOTE: This article needs to be checked and have vgdisplay and pvdisplay and other examples inserted into it.

Tags:, high capacity volume group, HP-UX, hpux, largefiles, lvcreate, LVM, newfs

LVM Volume Group Create. High Capacity VGlvm

Friday, September 4th, 2009 | LVM, Systems Administration | No Comments

Volume group creation, done right need only be done once to last a long time. A few simple steps can make it a process you do once and then enjoy the long term benefits.

Step one is a little homework. Take a reasonable estimate at how many physical volumes the volume group is going to contain. Why is this important? Because by default lvm allocates resources as if there will be 255 physical volumes. Most volume groups don't see that many disks, and the overall capacity is impacted by the default. For this example, we will pick a small volume group that is never anticipated to exceed 10 physical volumes. We will set the maximum volumes to 25 to have a fair amount of additional capacity but to more efficiently allocate scarce resources.

Now th fun begins. We will create a volume group called vg03

Discover the new disks, important if LUNS have been presented to the system.

insf -C disk (may not be needed on HP-UX 11.31)

ioscan -fnC disk

ioscan shows three disks for this example.

/dev/rdsk/c10t0d1 /dev/rdsk/c10t0d2 /dev/rdsk/c10t0d3

cd /dev

mkdir vg03

mknod /dev/vg03/group c 64 0×030000

# We have created a device file for the volume group.

We need to pvcreate the disks, which lablels the disk for use by LVM

pvcreate /dev/rdsk/c10t0d1

pvcreate /dev/rdsk/c10t0d2

pvcreate /dev/rdsk/c10t0d3

vgcreate -p25 /dev/vg03 /dev/dsk/c10t0d1 /dev/dsk/c12t0d1 /dev/dsk/c10t0d3

# alternative vgcreate -e 65535 -s 16 /dev/vg10 /dev/dsk/c10t0d1 /dev/dsk/c12t0d1 /dev/dsk/c16t0d1 /dev/dsk/c17t0d1

The option -s lets us set a larger PE size which can also increase capacity.

Now inevitably someone is going to decide to add another disk to this volume group. It may be immediately or it may be down the road. We are prepared.

The SAN admin and project manager want to create a scratch area within the volume group for oracle backups to disk.

They present a new lun disk /dev/rdsk/c16t0d5

We respond like lightning.

insf -C disk

ioscan -fnC disk

pvcreate /dev/rdsk/c16t0d5

vgextend vg03 /dev/dsk/c16t0d5

The disk is ready for use.

Different article for how we set up logical volumes and a file system.

Tags:, high capacity volume group, hpux, LVM

Logical Volume manager

sh: pvscan: not found.
--- Volume groups ---
VG Name /dev/vg00
VG Write Access read/write
VG Status available
Max LV 255
Cur LV 13
Open LV 13
Max PV 16
Cur PV 2
Act PV 2
Max PE per PV 4328
PE Size (Mbytes) 16
Total PE 8638
Alloc PE 7028
Free PE 1610
Total PVG 0
Total Spare PVs 0
Total Spare PVs in use 0
VG Version 1.0
VG Max Size 1082g
VG Max Extents 69248

VG Name /dev/vg10
VG Write Access read/write
VG Status available
Max LV 255
Cur LV 29
Open LV 29
Max PV 16
Cur PV 16
Act PV 16
Max PE per PV 4341
PE Size (Mbytes) 16
Total PE 66820
Alloc PE 65128
Free PE 1692
Total PVG 0
Total Spare PVs 0
Total Spare PVs in use 0
VG Version 1.0
VG Max Size 1111296m
VG Max Extents 69456



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