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Putty is a simple Telnet/RSH/SSH client with a simple interface. Sometimes, too simple. I use Putty a lot and have often some concurrent connections. No tabbed interface. The main advantage is the ability use public/private key authentication. But doing with reading manual often backfires ;-)
If you see the message Server refused our public key, it means that PuTTY has sent a public key to the server and offered to authenticate with it, and the server has refused to accept authentication.
The problem here is that you probably exported putty generated key to the server you are trying to connect. that's an error: putty generate keys in a slightly different format. The correct way is cut and paste the key directly from the puttygen window.
alternatively and you can generate them on the server and then convert private key into putty-compatible format.
The other thing you should do is check your server configuration carefully. Also, read the PuTTY Event Log; the server may have sent diagnostic messages explaining exactly what problem it had with your setup.
ssh-keygen -t rsa
cd .ssh cp identity.pub authorized_keys chmod 600 authorized_keys
See also How To Fix “Server Refused Our Key” Error That Caused By Putty Generated RSA Public Key
Configure your Linux server (create user, save public key)
For this guide let's assume you regular login name is autotimesheet (replace it with one that you use regularly).
As root, on the shell, type:
adduser autotimesheet --disabled-password
You will be asked to fill in some details such as the user's real name (empty string is fine).
chmod 700 .ssh
Then in that folder, create and edit a file called authorized_keys2.
In there, cut/paste your public ssh key, on ONE LINE (That is very important!!!)
Do not add the email@example.com at the end of the line.
Do not add the BEGIN PUBLIC KEY or END PUBLIC KEY.
Do not add the rsa-key-20090614 at the end.
Make sure, there is ssh-rsa at the beginning.
It should be something like:
chmod 600 authorized_keys2
Submitted by andre on Fri, 2006-06-30 01:34.Geeky
So you're trying to set up ssh keys on your windows box with putty and you keep getting "Server refused our key". Read on, I've got your solution... but first lets take a look at what you've done so far.
Chances are you have done some/none/all of the following:
- opened up puttygen.exe
- generated a key after wiggling your mouse
- entered a strong passphrase
- saved the public key to something likepubkey
- saved the private key to something likeprivatekey.ppk
- moved your public key up to the server
- (maybe even) converted the format of the key from putty to openssh with something likessh-keygen -if pubkey > pubkey_openssh_format
- changed some permissions likechmod 700 .ssh
- added your pubkey to the authorized_keys file with something likecat pubkey >> .ssh/authorized_keys
- changed some more permissions likechmod 600 authorized_keys
- changed your putty settings under "connection > SSH > auth" to useprivatekey.ppk
- tried to connect and...
"Server refused our key"
Well - from what I have read that's supposed to work... but it didn't work for you did it?
Your problem has nothing to do with how well you followed these well documented procedures for getting ssh keys to work.
The solution to the problem is...
(brace yourself, its really simple) to try generating the keys on the server (unix, linix, bsd etc.) instead of the client (i.e. in windows).
Try the following:
- ssh to your server using good old user name and password
- do check permissions on your ~/.ssh folder and make sure to
chmod 700 .ssh
if they are wrong
- do check permissions on your ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file and make sure to
chmod 600 authorized_keys
if they are wrong
- generate the keys on the server with something likessh-keygen -t dsa
- accept the file names it wants to use
- enter a strong passphrase
- add the pub key to the authorized_keys file with something likecat id_dsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys
- copy the private key (id_dsa) to your local windows machine (use winscp or sftp or some such tool)
- NOW open puttygen.exe
- under actions select "load" and load the id_dsa file
- enter the passphrase you set when you generated the key on the server. Puttygen will now convert the key to something that putty will understand
- save that file to something like
- NOW change your putty settings under "connection > SSH > auth" to use
- NOW try and connect
- enter the passphrase when prompted
- pat yourself on the back. You're connected to the server (I hope)
Now all you have to do is figure out a way to not have to always enter that passphrase. Well that will require setting up puttyagent. But, I'll let you figure that out for yourself.
I really hope this helped you out. I wasted too much of my life figuring this out this evening and I hope I saved you hours of aggravation.
Have comments? Want to say thanks? Leave a comment. Or if you feel really generous send me a buck or three ;-)
How To Fix “Server Refused Our Key” Error That Caused By Putty Generated RSA Public Key
Phone System Tech Support macros in puTTY
Look into Tunnelier and Plink if you're using the SSH abilities of puTTY. An official "scripting" language for puTTY is reportedly only half-written at this point. If using the telnet aspect only, then consider using ProComm Plus. It has an increadibly powerful scripting language.
Here is one killer of a bet. It's a free utility called AutoHotKey, which automates keyboard and mouse actions AND has been tested with puTTY.
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