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There are only four steps that you need to perform in preparation for any disaster that may occur and you want to restore from your "private" backup. At this point anterprise-level backup may or may not exist but you own backup should cover the at least OS and some important data.
#!/bin/sh # # create a restore USB drive # # format the USB drive # PATH=/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin # # mount the new USB drive # mount /dev/sdc /mnt # # create required directories # mkdir /mnt/dev mkdir /mnt/bin mkdir /mnt/sbin mkdir /mnt/etc mkdir /mnt/root mkdir /mnt/mnt # for the root partition mkdir /mnt/tmp mkdir /mnt/var # # populate the directories # if [ ! -x /sys/compile/MINI/kernel ] then cat << EOM The MINI kernel does not exist, please create one. Here is an example config file: # # MINI -- A kernel to get FreeBSD onto a disk. # machine "i386" cpu "I486_CPU" ident MINI maxusers 5 options INET # needed for _tcp _icmpstat _ipstat # _udpstat _tcpstat _udb options FFS #Berkeley Fast File System options FAT_CURSOR #block cursor in syscons or pccons options SCSI_DELAY=15 #Be pessimistic about Joe SCSI device options NCONS=2 #1 virtual consoles options USERCONFIG #Allow user configuration with -c XXX config kernel root on da0 swap on da0 and da1 dumps on da0 device isa0 device pci0 device fdc0 at isa? port "IO_FD1" bio irq 6 drq 2 vector fdintr device fd0 at fdc0 drive 0 device ncr0 device scbus0 device sc0 at isa? port "IO_KBD" tty irq 1 vector scintr device npx0 at isa? port "IO_NPX" irq 13 vector npxintr device da0 device da1 device da2 device sa0 pseudo-device loop # required by INET pseudo-device gzip # Exec gzipped a.out's EOM exit 1 fi cp -f /sys/compile/MINI/kernel /mnt gzip -c -best /sbin/init > /mnt/sbin/init gzip -c -best /sbin/fsck > /mnt/sbin/fsck gzip -c -best /sbin/mount > /mnt/sbin/mount gzip -c -best /sbin/halt > /mnt/sbin/halt gzip -c -best /sbin/restore > /mnt/sbin/restore gzip -c -best /bin/sh > /mnt/bin/sh gzip -c -best /bin/sync > /mnt/bin/sync cp /root/.profile /mnt/root chmod 500 /mnt/sbin/init chmod 555 /mnt/sbin/fsck /mnt/sbin/mount /mnt/sbin/halt chmod 555 /mnt/bin/sh /mnt/bin/sync chmod 6555 /mnt/sbin/restore # # create minimum file system table # cat > /mnt/etc/fstab <<EOM /dev/fd0a / ufs rw 1 1 EOM # # create minimum passwd file # cat > /mnt/etc/passwd <<EOM root:*:0:0:Charlie &:/root:/bin/sh EOM cat > /mnt/etc/master.passwd <<EOM root::0:0::0:0:Charlie &:/root:/bin/sh EOM chmod 600 /mnt/etc/master.passwd chmod 644 /mnt/etc/passwd /usr/sbin/pwd_mkdb -d/mnt/etc /mnt/etc/master.passwd # # umount the USB drive and inform the user # /sbin/umount /mnt echo "The USB drive has been unmounted and is now ready."
Linux sfdisk command can make a backup of the primary and extended partition table as follows. It creates a file that can be read in a text editor, or this file can be used by sfdisk to restore the primary/extended partition table. To back up the partition table /dev/sda, enter:
# sfdisk -d /dev/sda > /tmp/sda.bak
To restore, enter:
# sfdisk /dev/sda < /tmp/sda.bak
The above command will restore extended partitions.
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